What does the sterilization of cats
Sterilization - intracavitary surgery to remove the ovaries, after which the cat is forever deprived of the opportunity to have offspring.It would seem that if the cat lives at home and not go out into the street, this operation could not do.But it is not so - every animal in heat, which happens once every 3-4 months, will be accompanied by changes in her behavior.A cat can scream at night, or even begin to use instead of the usual tray your shoes and clothes to declare their readiness to mate.She is experiencing at this time of physical discomfort and tries to eliminate it by all available means. hormonal drugs that prevent ovulation in cats can cause cystic diseases and cancer.
The fact that sterilization is needed, no one argues that the question is when it is best to do as it is a violation of hormonal background, which, of course, has a direct impact on the physical condition and health of the animal.
How old spayed cat
In the West, there is the experience of veterinary sterilization of cats in the "tender" age - 7-8 weeks, even before the cat enters puberty.The operation, which is made at such an early age, to reduce the likelihood of complications, and postoperative seams in this case heal faster.But neutered cat is not yet time to form, to achieve physical and sexual maturity before they were made irreversible hormonal changes.Since the process of genital organs is interrupted, it affects the function of the hypothalamus, which determines the behavioral responses of the animal.Therefore, the behavior of cats can become unpredictable and, moreover, hormonal disorders and provoke failure to thrive.Such an animal may have a disproportionate structure - too little too big head on the body. impossible to sterilize an animal in heat - too great a risk of complications.
If you make a cat sterilization, or after the first birth at the age of 1.5 years or more, in an animal increases the risk of developing breast cancer.If after the first birth so the probability of 8%, after the second it has increased to 26%.In that case, when the cat was old enough, sterilization had no warning will not have effect.Most veterinarians are inclined to believe that the most appropriate term sterilization of cats is the period before the first heat.In this case, the risk of developing breast cancer is only 0.5%.