What is sanity?
The fact that attitudes toward mentally healthy people and people insane various known for a long time.At all times were fools and imbeciles.However, different cultures can change the criteria for sanity, for example, in some tribes of Indians hallucinations - a common thing, and no one would never call a man mad if he saw something "otherworldly."Or, if you take the attitude toward homosexuality: once it was a crime and mental disorder, and now in some countries permitted the marriage of same-sex couples.On what grounds can determine that a person is mentally healthy, or simply sane?
Sanity helps a person to be adequate and successfully adapt to a constantly changing environment.Sane person realizes his "I" capable of self-criticism.His psychological reactions corresponds to the force of circumstances.Man is able to control his behavior according to the social norms and rules, as well as the need to change behavior.When mental health can also cope with stress, plan for the future and implement them.
way, stress can have a negative impact on mental health and efficiency.It was found that people who have worked hard, following the course to strengthen resistance to stress, increases productivity.
As psychologists say, there are no people, mental health, one hundred percent.In criminal law, there is a concept of diminished responsibility, is a kind of boundary condition where a person was not entirely mentally healthy, but also to eliminate what he sane, too, can not.Most psychiatrists are skeptical about the concept of diminished responsibility.Often, this factor reduces the punishment and send a person to compulsory treatment in a psychiatric clinic.Diminished responsibility could be in the neuroses, traumatic brain injuries, in the heat of passion, alcoholics and drug addicts.However, psychologists ascribe neurosis every third person in the world, it turns out that one third of the population is able to crimes that threaten the lives and health of others.
About sixty percent of the serious crimes committed by people with diminished responsibility when even aware of the consequences, these people can not refrain from committing a crime.