Find the ground for an aquarium can be in the beds of streams and rivers, but it is a tedious task.In addition, it takes a long time to process, so it will be easier and more convenient to buy it.Before purchasing the ground need to find out its origin and chemical composition.If this is the limestone, it will allocate carbonates in aquarium water, which increases its rigidity.Not all plants and fish can exist in hard water.To check for the presence of soil carbonates, you can pour a few drops of vinegar.Isolation of gas bubbles will indicate the presence of carbonates.
Soils for the aquarium can be divided into 3 groups according to their origin: artificial soils;Natural pebbles, sand, crushed stone and gravel;primers, which are obtained by chemical or mechanical treatment of the natural materials.
coarse sand is perfect for aquariums, which contain the plants with a weak root system and small burrowing fish.In aquariums where there are plants with strong root system and large live fish Undermining the ground, as the last best fit pebbles.With regard to artificial soil: they may be plastic or glass beads.
artificial (glass and plastic), the soil is completely harmless.It does not release substances into the water that are harmful to fish.However, it can be used only in aquariums or artificial plants if live plants growing in pots.In addition, we must remember that this ground is not suitable for content burrowing fish.
considered that the ground for the aquarium is sure to be dark colors, in any case, not a color.Of course, against the dark ground fish will look brighter and green plants will look more impressive.But what if the tank is equipped with a psevdorifa?In this case, kind of dark soil in the background corals become completely irrelevant.If you like the color or light soil - safely buy.
optimum particle size of soil - 2-8 mm.He may be a little more important that all the particles are about the same size and substantially rounded shape.Also, the soil should be porous.Contact between the large fine particles lead to the fact that water circulation is hindered in the ground, it will begin congestion processes that can cause root rot of plants, as well as deterioration of water.
No matter whether you get a ground or are mining their own, it should be treated.If sand is used as a primer, it should be sifted through a sieve to remove smaller particles.It is undesirable to use a reddish sand, as it contains a lot of iron, which is harmful to certain fish.Pebbles also need to sort out that its particles are about the same size.
Now primer should be thoroughly washed.To do this, put it in some kind of container and fill it with water, then stir and pour off the water.Repeat this procedure as long as the water is not merged yuudet completely transparent.After washing, disinfect the soil by boiling it for 15-20 minutes, or calcined in a pan in the oven.