Tip 1: How to prepare the ground for the aquarium

Aquaria - a very popular hobby.The gist of it is that in a closed body of water to simulate the artificial ekostistemu.Using their knowledge and capabilities, creates the wonderful world of the aquarist.Despite the variety of aquariums, they are organized on the same principle: first put ground , then planted seaweed and then run fish.Therefore, the first thing after you have purchased an aquarium, do some preparation and ground.
main function ground a - it is a substrate for strengthening plants.Some aquarists, to facilitate cleaning of the aquarium , do not use sand or pebbles, but if you want that tank and perform a decorative function, ground better to use.In it live organisms, dead organic matter in processing nutrients and cleaning the aquarium.In addition, the ground e stored reserves of carbon dioxide which affect the buffering of water.
When selecting ground and note that it should not allocate the water soluble substances should not be sharp edges, so as not to hurt the fish and should be permeable to water.Typically, the ground and using river sand, or pebbles.To make sure that the soil suits you, it is enough to splash vinegar.If after that on the surface do not appear bubbles or foam, so that the ground can be used.
If you decide not to buy ground in the store, and prepare it yourself, go to the nearest stream or river for coarse river sand.Be sure to clean the soil of impurities - sticks, particles of algae, pieces of paper.
Take a sieve and sift sand through it.Everything that takes place in a sieve, throw ruthlessly, still in use in the aquarium, it is not suitable and will only pollute the water.Repeat this procedure several times, and then proceed to wash the soil well.
Rinse thoroughly ground under warm running water, stirring constantly with him.It is necessary that the ground completely cleansed of fine particles.The better you will wash the sand, the faster the water in the tank is transparent and you can settle to fish.
If desired, soil can be decontaminated.To do this, wash it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then do not forget to rinse the sand again under running water.
Now primer can be used in an aquarium.Lay it flat layer of 4-7 centimeters, and begin to create their underwater kingdom.

Tip 2: How to prepare water for aquarium

Aquarium - Transparent container to keep the content of the fish.The water in the aquarium plays a huge role in her living organisms and plants.Try to monitor the cleanliness of the water and follow the recommendations.
How to prepare water for aquarium
you need
  • Aquarium, water and the accompanying instructions.
Before planting a new aquarium plants and fish should be prepared not only water , but also the aquarium.Frame aquarium is washed thoroughly with warm water at room temperature with baking soda or soap.Then it is filled with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two or three to ten days.After two or three days the procedure should be repeated.The water should be changed two or three times until the smell of paint will disappear.
-glass aquariums of organic glass is washed with warm water and salt, or a 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid.Thereafter, they are washed again with warm water.
When filling a new aquarium should remember that it is first filled with water up to half, and after two or three days topped up with water so that the upper edge was 4-8sm.Thus the pressure on the glass aquarium increases gradually, and they do not burst.
small aquarium filled with water, a jet must be replaced by a broad plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, cardboard sheet, so as not to erode the soil.
large aquarium is better to fill a hose.The water should fall to a deep bowl, put on another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting, but not before.In this case, when filling the tank
water will have to use a reflective plate of a funnel.For
aquarium need to find cover (usually thick glass).It protects it from dust, not allow the fish to jump, will prevent too rapid cooling and evaporation of water.If the room air is too dry, the aquarium can be used for wetting.In this case, the tank can not be covered, but we need to lower the water level to the fish could not jump out of it.
for air flow into the tank for rust protection coating iron frame is not put on the walls of the aquarium , but on a small pedestal height of 5-15 mm.These may be pieces of eraser strips of plexiglass clips from non-oxidizing metal.But the aquarium, which contains fish, well able to jump or climb out of the walls through the gap, should be tightly covered.
How to make a beautiful aquarium.
Making the inside of the aquarium
should be close to the natural habitat of fish, as we usually create an aquarium to have a piece of nature in the apartment.Sometimes it can be seen imitating the flooded city block of marble, or divers, from helmets which hit the air bubbles, but it is possible to allow only the child in the nursery.
Aquarium is not for children should look as easy as possible on the outside and bright, but naturally inside.All equipment and technical devices is desirable to hide.Generally, choosing decorations for the aquarium , should aim, above all, to re-create a natural picture, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants of the aquarium - fish and plants.
Looks good ground, located steps, and the sprawling sand in the water can be attached to rocks or hidden behind them strips of glass.
trays with flowers, set along the back wall and create a good background.They can be positioned steps: front land low plants, and behind them are high.
There is another version of a multi-tiered planting of: low plants are planted in front and large rear and sides.For fans of asymmetry can offer put ahead, almost front window, some large plant, and in the middle or side lay stone or snag, wherein throughout the tank let grow plants of various sizes.When choosing, remember that different plants require different lighting.Plants with similar requirements can be grouped on different levels and a terrace (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones.In the overall composition of your aquarium should be one or more eye-catching bright spots.The rest of the miniature tools should not strike the eye, they are better positioned in the background.Sometimes
overall picture aquarium has only one eye-catching element.It should be a hive of lush plants, such as Japanese or Cryptocorynes sagittarii.It needs to put a little bit away from the center of the aquarium , not to create unpleasant to the eyes of symmetry, as well as make room for feeding.Then the edges of the plants will look good with a ribbon-like leaves, eel normal branching or waterweed and peristolistnikom to grow and create a frame in the background.A few shrubs, do not clutter up the middle aquarium foreground, can be positioned izoetis, spiralelistnuyu eel, Marsilio;the soil should always have a slope to the deepest place in a free, nezasazhennoy part aquarium , which will collect dirt.On the surface of the water is good to let Ricci Salvini and several bushes water cabbage or Frogbit.
If you stand side by side two or three aquarium , when planting is necessary to think not only about the creation of the underwater scenery in all of them, but also on the overall impression produced by the living area as a whole.
greatest charms up underwater picture, of course, only when the plants begin to grow: oriented towards the light leaves, shoots, occupying the most brightly lit place, give the aquarium a more natural landscape.
To recreate the river landscape of rounded stones used to simulate rocks - flat stones irregular fragments with no sharp edges.The aquarium 's digging the soil with fish large rocks, which are the basis for the high terraces, placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes bonded with epoxy resin or cement.
stones intended for aquarium , it should not contain metal and calcium.It is best to use basalt stones origin, as well as some types of granite and sandstone.If the chemical composition of the stone is suspect, it can be treated with a solution of hydrochloric acid, as well as gravel.
Look beautiful in the aquarium, and the roots of the trees.For registration you can use the snags that have long lain under running water or peat bogs.The best breeds are considered alders and willows.Do not place the aquarium rotten tree that had lain for some time under a layer of mud.Completely unsuitable living wood.The roots of the threads or, even if they were long in the flowing water, before being placed in an aquarium should boil in a saturated salt solution.Such treatment disinfects the wood and seals its structure - boiled driftwood become dense, heavy and sink in water.For registration
tropical aquarium can use coconut husks, stalks of bamboo and cane.
In aquarium's for twilight, night or territorial fish species should be made to cover each of these fish.To do this on the ground put the driftwood (again, alder or willow);individual or folded in the form of caves, grottos large stones;camouflaged with sand, gravel, rocks or driftwood trim ceramic tubes or pots.
the period of spawning in the aquarium be sure to create a cover or substrate for caviar.It may be lying on its side flower pots, coconut shells, ceramic products, glass scraps, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles and so on. N. However, these items should not have sharp corners and release of harmful substances into the water .
in cages to mark juvenile females live-bearing fish species need to hang a piece of glass.It should hang obliquely on an aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its lateral edges adhered to the walls of the aquarium , and the lower gap was 3-4 mm, through which the fry would be able to fall down.
can not often completely change the more the water in the aquarium.For most species of tropical fish water simply update, and does it not more often than once every seven to ten days.
For this rubber hose from the bottom of the aquarium suctioned waste and uneaten food, pour not more than 1/3, and preferably 1/5 of the total volume of water pouring water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium.Fresh water must be topped up in small portions, gradually.
in cold water aquariums when sprinkling with water should not be heated.For the warm-water aquarium is best to use water by 1-2 degrees warmer than the water tank .
partial water change is carried out in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), when cleaning the bottom and glass.But you must try to minimize, even partial water change.When substituting water or cleaning aquarium fish do not need to catch.
complete water change is an extreme measure and should be done in exceptional cases: illness and death of fish occurrence of parasitic microorganisms and so on. F. After a complete change of water biological balance must be installed again.And with a well-established stable mode, water may not change for years.
Before you run to the aquarium fish (or even buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other.And do not just run into the tank a lot of fish - they too break the biological balance of the aquarium, so that can be lost.
Helpful Hint
before putting fish in tap water, it is necessary to give it to stand at room temperature for at least two days to chlorine evaporated from it.The water was allowed to stand enamel, glass, clay, plastic containers intended for foodstuffs.